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Monday, September 26, 2011

Story of Oleg Dance | Cultures of Denpasar

oleg dance
One dance that became an icon and then into the genre of Balinese dance the next time period is Oleg Tamulilingan. A very famous dance works to foreign countries until it was created, I Ketut Marya is then more familiarly called, I Mario. How is the real beginning of the journey to the creation of this Oleg dance Tamulilingan?

Is humanist named John Coast (1916-1989), born in Kent, England, was very impressed with the culture of Bali. Prior to working in Bali, when the second world war broke out, the Coast drafted into the military and as an officer, until the time served in Singapore. When the Japanese occupied Singapore trigger, the Coast who is a prisoner and sent to Thailand. However, the Coast is talented art. He turned out to bear the words "Railroad of Death" in 1946 which later reached best-seller in a short time. That prompted his spirits again to write the book "Return to the River Kwai" in 1969. In between, the Coast had collaborated with the artists music and dance from different cultural backgrounds, to hold a post-war concert performances.

When you feel safe, leave the Coast in 1950 Bangkok to Jakarta because the urge to serve the struggle of Indonesia. In a short time, he won the trust of the Bung Karno to hold office as an attache lighting Indonesia. While in Indonesia, married to Supianti Coast, the daughter of the Regent of Pasuruan. When settled in Bali, he lived in the area Kaliungu, Denpasar.

Coast love on the art of Balinese culture began to grow when touched by tradition and community life. Art was very enticing and his obsession to organize an artistic mission to Europe. During his adventures observing some sekeha gong in Bali, the Coast attracted by the appearance sekaha Peliatan gong. In 1952, the Coast judged that games drums Gong Peliatan with AA Gde Mandera is expressive enough decent display on the international stage. In a plan that trip to Europe, the Coast wanted to also bring a beautiful and romantic dance, in addition to some of the dances that are often seen.

On the advice of Mandera, then contact the Coast renowned dancer and teacher of dance, I Ketut Marya who then familiarly called, I Mario. Mario who was then already created a dance that became Kebyar Sitting dance Terompong, willing to join the Gong Peliatan. Coast "stimulate" Mario to be creative again with a classical dance ballet show book in which there are photographs duet "Sleeping Beauty" is about the love story princess Aurora with her boyfriend Prince Charming. Be inspired Mario then create a Oleg dance. This is desirable Coast.

To bring Oleg dace - the new dance, I Mario chose I Gusti Ayu Raka Rasmi who have a good basic dance. In arranging iringannya, Mario invites I Wayan Sukra, a percussion from Marga, Tabanan. In addition, included also three percussion experts Gong Peliatan in Oleg's work on the Gusti gising Kompyang, AA Gde Mandera, and I Wayan Bees.

Breaking the Freeze

Then, whom I Ketut Marya or I Mario? He was born in 1897, the youngest of five brothers from a family of poor farmers from Banjarangkan, Klungkung. His father died when Mario was six years old. Prolonged drought that caused the suffering of the peasants, forcing families to flee Mario westward until at Village Point, Tabanan. Ni Mentor, Mario's mother, with her children and then "picked up" by a Chinese merchant, Tan Khang Sam.

Mario nature of the humorous and brave master was attracted sympathy. One day, Mario invited to the Castle Kaleran, Tabanan, for the deal. Mario appearance of polite sympathy made the king so that a family servant Mario Castle. In an atmosphere that is often staged tetabuhan Puri and dance, make Mario always sit near the gamelan and sometimes dancing alone. King also saw the talent Mario so he looked for a dance teacher to Mengwi. Thus, at the age of nine years, Mario has mastered several dance.

Appearances Mario began to be valued by senior dancers. Her dance teacher predicted that one day Mario will be a great dancer because her body limber movements, facial expressions full of psychiatric rhythm with gamelan accompaniment. Gong Sekeha Pangkung that often appear in Puri Kaleran have a very important role for the figure of Mario. In 1922, Mario has studied percussion kakebyaran are "born" in Buleleng in 1915. Mario was trained by Wayan Wayan Worship and Gejir.

One dance created by Mario is Kebyar Sit (Kebyar duduk). The story, one day in 1929, Mario watch gong kebyar exercises in a village near Busungbiu, Buleleng. One of his players got to see Mario dancing drum and asked her to dance accompanied Gandrung gising kebyar being played. Mario spontaneously dancing to the beat of gamelan. As a dancer Gandrung, Mario wanted to find partners to dance, but to no avail because it is located in the center circle and surrounded by gamelan musicians. Basic creative artist, Mario finally drum players hold an office. While playing, players also appeared to respond to dance drums Mario. Then, spontaneously born Kebyar Sitting dance.

On another occasion, Mario who liked joking rob players Terompong pelvis and hip improvisational play that followed gising being played. From there, it creates a dance Kebyar Terompong. This dance is further enhanced when Mario became permanent Gong Belaluan dancers to entertain tourists in Bali Hotel, Denpasar. Since then, the name Mario soaring because he dared to break the rigidity of the existence of Balinese dance with a new look. Possibly, the phenomenon as an icon for the renewal of the most fantastic gong kebyar in South Bali.

I Mario had indeed gone for ever in 1978. But his name has been legendary. He has received two gifts of art simultaneously on August 17, 1961, a Dharma Kusuma  and Wijaya Kusuma. Tabanan local government in 1980 has been awarded the Dharma Kusuma Madya. To commemorate Mario with his art, his name has been inscribed as the House of Mario, a multipurpose building in the heart of the city of Tabanan. Oleg Tamulilingan any dance as a symbol of romance, made sculptures decorate the courtyard of the building's monument.


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